# Demo entry 6640474

1

Submitted by 1 on Sep 12, 2017 at 04:54
Language: Python 3. Code size: 1.3 kB.

```# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
import numpy as np
import operator

"""

Parameters:
inX - 用于分类的数据(测试集)
dataSet - 用于训练的数据(训练集)
labes - 分类标签
k - kNN算法参数,选择距离最小的k个点
Returns:
sortedClassCount[0][0] - 分类结果

Modify:
2017-07-13
"""
def classify0(inX, dataSet, labels, k):
#numpy函数shape[0]返回dataSet的行数
dataSetSize = dataSet.shape[0]
#在列向量方向上重复inX共1次(横向)，行向量方向上重复inX共dataSetSize次(纵向)
diffMat = np.tile(inX, (dataSetSize, 1)) - dataSet
#二维特征相减后平方
sqDiffMat = diffMat**2
#sum()所有元素相加，sum(0)列相加，sum(1)行相加
sqDistances = sqDiffMat.sum(axis=1)
#开方，计算出距离
distances = sqDistances**0.5
#返回distances中元素从小到大排序后的索引值
sortedDistIndices = distances.argsort()
#定一个记录类别次数的字典
classCount = {}
for i in range(k):
#取出前k个元素的类别
voteIlabel = labels[sortedDistIndices[i]]
#dict.get(key,default=None),字典的get()方法,返回指定键的值,如果值不在字典中返回默认值。
#计算类别次数
classCount[voteIlabel] = classCount.get(voteIlabel,0) + 1
#python3中用items()替换python2中的iteritems()
#key=operator.itemgetter(1)根据字典的值进行排序
#key=operator.itemgetter(0)根据字典的键进行排序
#reverse降序排序字典
sortedClassCount = sorted(classCount.items(),key=operator.itemgetter(1),reverse=True)
#返回次数最多的类别,即所要分类的类别
return sortedClassCount[0][0]
```

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