Demo entry 6781880

haff

   

Submitted by anonymous on Jan 05, 2019 at 06:16
Language: C++. Code size: 4.9 kB.

#include<iostream>
#include<string>
//#include<windows.h>
using namespace std;
struct Node//定义一个节点struct
{
    double weight;//权重
    string ch;
    string code;
    int lchild, rchild, parent;
};
void Select(Node huffTree[], int *a, int *b, int n)//找权值最小的两个a和b
{
    int i;
    double weight = 0; //找最小的数
    for (i = 0; i <n; i++)
    {
        if (huffTree[i].parent != -1)     //判断节点是否已经选过
            continue;
        else
        {
            if (weight == 0)
            {
                weight = huffTree[i].weight;
                *a = i;
            }
            else
            {
                if (huffTree[i].weight < weight)//找到权重最小的,存到指针a指向的域
                {
                    weight = huffTree[i].weight;
                    *a = i;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    weight = 0; //找第二小的数
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        if (huffTree[i].parent != -1 || (i == *a))//排除已选过的数
            continue;
        else
        {
            if (weight == 0)
            {
                weight = huffTree[i].weight;
                *b = i;
            }
            else
            {
                if (huffTree[i].weight  < weight)//找到权重第二小的,存到指针b指向的域
                {
                    weight = huffTree[i].weight;
                    *b = i;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    int temp;
    if (huffTree[*a].lchild < huffTree[*b].lchild)  //比较ab指的域的值,小的数放左边
    {
        temp = *a;
        *a = *b;
        *b = temp;
    }
}
void Huff_Tree(Node huffTree[], int w[], string ch[], int n)
{
    for (int i = 0; i < 2 * n - 1; i++) //初始过程
    {
        huffTree[i].parent = -1;
        huffTree[i].lchild = -1;
        huffTree[i].rchild = -1;
        huffTree[i].code = "";
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        huffTree[i].weight = w[i];
        huffTree[i].ch = ch[i];
    }
    for (int k = n; k < 2 * n - 1; k++)
    {
        int i1 = 0;
        int i2 = 0;
        Select(huffTree, &i1, &i2, k); //将i1,i2节点合成节点k
        huffTree[i1].parent = k;
        huffTree[i2].parent = k;
        huffTree[k].weight = huffTree[i1].weight + huffTree[i2].weight;
        huffTree[k].lchild = i1;
        huffTree[k].rchild = i2;
    }
}
void Huff_Code(Node huffTree[], int n)
{
    int i, j, k;
    string s = "";
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        s = "";
        j = i;
        while (huffTree[j].parent != -1) //从叶子往上找到根节点
        {
            k = huffTree[j].parent;
            if (j == huffTree[k].lchild) //如果是根的左孩子,则记为0
            {
                s = s + "0";
            }
            else
            {
                s = s + "1";
            }
            j = huffTree[j].parent;
        }
        cout << "字符 " << huffTree[i].ch << " 的编码:";
        for (int l = s.size() - 1; l >= 0; l--)
        {
            cout << s[l];
            huffTree[i].code += s[l]; //保存编码
        }
        cout << endl;
    }
}
string Huff_Decode(Node huffTree[], int n,string s)
{
    cout << "解码后为:";
    string temp = "",str="";//str保存解码后的字符串
    for (int i = 0; i < s.size(); i++)
    {
        temp = temp + s[i];
        for (int j = 0; j < n; j++)
        {
            if (temp == huffTree[j].code)
            {
                str=str+ huffTree[j].ch;
                temp = "";
                break;
            }
            else if (i == s.size()-1&&j==n-1&&temp!="")//全部遍历后没有
            {
                str= "解码错误!";
            }
        }
    }
    return str;
}
int main()
{
    string str;
    char temp;
    cout<<"输入字符串,按回车键结束输入"<<endl;
    while((temp=cin.get())!='\n')
    {
        str +=temp;
    }
    const int LEN =str.length();
    char* dest = new char[LEN];//根据输入字符串的长度,创建字符数组
    for(int i = 0;i<LEN;i++) //将字符串保存到字符数组中
    {
        dest[i]=str[i];
    }//cout<<LEN<<endl;/*for(int i=0;i<LEN;i++)cout<<dest[i]<<" ";*/
    cout<<endl;
    char sample[10];
    int flu[10]={1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1};
    int num=0,ok=1;
    for(int m=0;m<LEN;m++)
    {
        for(int j=0;j<10;j++)
        {
            if(dest[m]==sample[j])
            {
                flu[j]++;ok=0;break;
            }
        }
        if(ok==0)
        {ok=1;
            continue;}
        else
        {
            sample[num]=dest[m];
            num++;}
    }
    /*for(int m=0;m<4;m++){ cout<<sample[m]<<" "<<flu[m]<<endl;}*/
    //编码过程
    int n=num;
    Node huffTree[2 * n];
    string str1[num];
    int w[num];
    for(int i=0;i<num;i++)
    {str1[i]=sample[i];w[i]=flu[i];}
    Huff_Tree(huffTree, w, str1, n);
    Huff_Code(huffTree, n);
    //解码过程
    string s;
    cout << "输入编码:";
    cin >> s;
    cout << Huff_Decode(huffTree, n, s)<< endl;;
    system("pause");
    return 0;
}

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