Write your own filter

New in version 0.7.

Writing own filters is very easy. All you have to do is to subclass the Filter class and override the filter method. Additionally a filter is instantiated with some keyword arguments you can use to adjust the behavior of your filter.

Subclassing Filters

As an example, we write a filter that converts all Name.Function tokens to normal Name tokens to make the output less colorful.

from pygments.util import get_bool_opt
from pygments.token import Name
from pygments.filter import Filter

class UncolorFilter(Filter):

    def __init__(self, **options):
        Filter.__init__(self, **options)
        self.class_too = get_bool_opt(options, 'classtoo')

    def filter(self, lexer, stream):
        for ttype, value in stream:
            if ttype is Name.Function or (self.class_too and
                                          ttype is Name.Class):
                ttype = Name
            yield ttype, value

Some notes on the lexer argument: that can be quite confusing since it doesn’t need to be a lexer instance. If a filter was added by using the add_filter() function of lexers, that lexer is registered for the filter. In that case lexer will refer to the lexer that has registered the filter. It can be used to access options passed to a lexer. Because it could be None you always have to check for that case if you access it.

Using a decorator

You can also use the simplefilter decorator from the pygments.filter module:

from pygments.util import get_bool_opt
from pygments.token import Name
from pygments.filter import simplefilter


@simplefilter
def uncolor(self, lexer, stream, options):
    class_too = get_bool_opt(options, 'classtoo')
    for ttype, value in stream:
        if ttype is Name.Function or (class_too and
                                      ttype is Name.Class):
            ttype = Name
        yield ttype, value

The decorator automatically subclasses an internal filter class and uses the decorated function as a method for filtering. (That’s why there is a self argument that you probably won’t end up using in the method.)